when and where the story takes place.
individuals who participate in the action
a general statement about the human experience, human nature, or life
the sequence of events in a story
hints or clues used by an author to suggest events that will occur later in the story
an account of a conversation, an episode, or an event that happened before the beginning of the story
struggle between opposing forces.
involves a character who is pitted against another character, an outside force, nature, or a physical object
a problem which occurs within the characters (thoughts)
person, place, object, or an activity that stands for something beyond itself
a recurring object, person, symbol, or action which is used to affect the theme
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject; tone reflects the feelings of the author through diction, imagery, details, syntax and figurative language.
means appealing to the reader’s sense of right or wrong or by appealing to the character of the author.
excitement or tension that readers feel as they wait to find out how a story ends or how conflict is resolved
The main character of the story. *Not to be confused with the "good guy."
character or force in opposition to the protagonist
refers to a character who undergoes change
character who remains the same Round: character who is highly developed; variety of traits
character who is one-sided